I am looking at The Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie surrounded by venomous soldiers. He is about to enter a Volkswagen, the car commonly known at the time as a Herbie.
There is no irony in this unceremonious and undignified escort through the capital city to prison and certain death. The photograph is taken on a rollieflex camera by Shemelis Desta who up until moments before this shot was the court photographer, of the Emperor. He is sat with me now, surrounded by his pictures at The Photographers Gallery in central London.
It’s an emotional photograph. In the space of days the photographer was forced to serve the dictator Mengistu. To take a picture with a rollieflex one must bend down the head to peer into into the camera box. Take away the camera, in this picture, and the posture would be a dignified bow to the Emperor himself. I imagine a hidden tear hitting the black bacolite cover of the camera as he takes this picture. For a man who venerated and served The emperor as his personal and public photographer from 1962 to this day in 1974, this picture not only a perilous moment in Ethiopia’s and Africa’s history but the terror of the photographer. (cont…)
(l to r) Makonnen Wodajeneh, Shemelise Desta and myself
The picture is taken on the steps of Jubilee Palace as indicated in the comments below. The Emperor promoted education as key to enlightenement and modernity. Little did he know that it would be the programme of development that would give rise to Mengistu, the man who would end his life and plunge Ethiopia into what became known as The Red Terror.
Mr Shemelis Desta was born in Addis Ababa and grew up in the twon of Jimma-Kaffa Province. In the year of his birth 1937 The Emperor was exiled in England due to The italian five year invasion. When a teenager a plane crash occurred near to his town. He took a picture with his first, quote, “cheap camera”. After some research I surmise this to be the flight of John Robinson known as The Brown Condor. I took this from the following information “In 1954, Robinson died as a result of burns and injuries he received in a crash while on a voluntary mercy flight to carry whole blood to a critically injured Ethiopian
in an outlying town.
Mr Desta was merely eighteen years old at that time and his uncle suggested he send the picture to a newspaper in Addis the capital where it was published. Desta’s relationship between camera lense, eye and the public was forged. Desta was invited to work as photographer in The Ministry of Information and travelled to Addis, the capital. In 1962 he became The Emperors court photographer up until his reign ended in 1974. The Emperor was never seen in public again and died in August 1974.
Mengistu the dictator reigned with a rod of steel. What became known as The red terror was a time of the murder squads who would enter homes and drag people never to be seen again. Bodies were strewn in the streets as warning to others. The slightest rumour of descent was used as excuse for these dark actions and a climate of fear quickly descended on the country. The increasingly paranoid dictator raided Shemesta’s home three times. If the archive footage had been found Shemelis Desta faced certain death. Sensing the increasing danger Desta hid seven thousand negatives in a plastic bag and sank them in the water system of his house where they remained for eight years. he fled into exile. The photographs span the grandeur, pomp and ceremony of Royal protocol and the grandeur pomp and ceremony of the stalinist Mengistu. In England Years later after paying some individuals to return the negatives to him Desta did not believe that he would actually see them again.
But here they are. Hundreds and hundreds of them. But of all the grand ceremonious pictures Desta has taken between 1962 and 1982 of heads of state ranging from Tito to Castro, his favourite photograph is of The Emperor and his dog Lulu while his guest looks on. “There are two men sat facing each other” Desta says “and lulu – the chiwowha – runs into the room. His majesty showers Lulu with love and affection and tickles her neck. The other gentleman is informally leaned forward in his seat, smiling awkwardly while the emperor is lost in affection. It is a truly natural picture of The Emperor. The gentleman in the other seat is Herbert Humphries the vice president of The United States of America.
The interview for the BBC World Service ends. As I leave the I see the photograph of the
Emperor with the Shah of Kuwait. In the backfround is a boieng 747 emblazoned with the Ethiopian Airlines logo. The pilots and air hostesses are stood in the doorway on royal protocol. Their faces are barely visible behind The Emperor and the Shah . My father was a pilot for Ethiopian airlines and a co pilot on some of The Emperor’s flights. “That could be my father I said to Desta.”. He nodded wistfully.